Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Approximately 15% of couples attempting their first pregnancy meet with failure. In about 50% of couples seeking treatment, the infertility will be caused by a problem in the male. It is therefore important that both partners are seen and investigated together. Often the male partner is not assessed and patients are sent directly for IVF treatment without having the male partner assessed.
There have been great technological advances in the development and success of assisted conception in the last two decades, such that many couples with infertility can now be offered treatment.